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Parts of Speech

English words are divided into categories according to usage, and students need to understand word function from the earliest grades. The parts of speech are: verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions. Interjections (words of surprise, such as oh or wow) are rarely used and can be taught separately.

Parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence, which means that words often function as multiple parts of speech. This can be quite confusing, as is shown with more.

ADJECTIVE   More people than ever do not have health insurance.
ADVERB   Mother’s garden is more beautiful than ever before.
NOUN   I liked the idea better the more I thought about it. 
PRONOUN    More were discovered as the search continued.

To make matters more perplexing, there is not universal agreement on every grammatical matter. When there are several parts of speech for a word, it can be challenging to ascertain what the part of speech is based on its usage in the sentence. Conflicts among dictionaries and other reference sources can be found. Confusing usages should be avoided, and teachers should focus on information that benefits students at their instructional levels.

This Parts of Speech Study Guide helps students to identify the part of speech of a word based upon how it is used in the sentence. Each part of speech has a definition followed by the features of that part of speech and questions it answers

Download Parts of Speech Study Guide